How to Treat Minor and Severe Head Injuries

How to Treat Minor and Severe Head Injuries
How to Treat Minor and Severe Head Injuries

For a head injury, you should immediately treat the injury and?

• Lie down flat
• Apply cold pack
• Take a painkiller
• Sit and drink water

Answer: Apply Cold Pack

While most head injuries are minor and don’t require a trip to the hospital, it’s still important to learn how treat it. Applying a cold pack to the spot of the injury can help alleviate the pain and swelling.

For the next 24 to 48 hours, the victim should be periodically evaluated. Sometimes, these minor head injuries may cause other symptoms like headaches, feeling nauseous, or make it difficult to concentrate. If the symptoms persist, it may require immediate professional medical attention.

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AVPU Response Scale
All head injuries are potentially serious because they can damage the brain and make someone become unresponsive. The severity of a head injury depends on how someone hit their head and how hard the impact was. To help check the level or response, use the AVPU scale:

• A – Alert. Is the victim alert? Do they have their eyes open?
• V – Voice. Does the victim respond to your voice commands?
• P – Pain. Does the victim only respond to pain, especially when touched?
• U – Unresponsive. Are they unresponsive to any of the above?

If they can respond normally, it’s more than likely a minor head injury. Even still, it’s important to continue to evaluate the victim for any sudden changes.

If you are unsure of what to do, call 9-1-1 immediately and seek professional advice. Head injuries can be difficult to gauge and should not be taken lightly. It’s important to have a plan and be prepared because even the most minor injuries can be life threatening.

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~To Your Survival!

Head Injury Symptoms & Advice – First Aid Training by St John Ambulance